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Tracking Respiratory Tract Infections Among Residents Due to Pollutant Emissions from Okpai Gas Power Plant in Ndokwa East Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria

As population increases, more buildings for housing, commerce and industry are also required and the resultant effect of this change is a rise in demand for electric power availability accompanied with harmful emissions from power plants installed for electricity generation and other industrial activities. More than 50% of power generated in Nigeria is from thermal power plants (TPP) which utilizes natural gas for their operations. The environmental and health impacts of thermal power plant are quite devastating as it is known for the emission of large amount of CO, CO2, SOx, NOx and SPMs into the atmosphere responsible for most respiratory disorders. This study was aimed at tracking Respiratory Tract Infections (RTI) among residents of Ndokwa within the vicinity of Okpai gas power plant due to pollutant emissions from the plant. The reported cases of RTI was obtained from the archive of Anieze Primary Health Centre while other relevant data was collected through questionnaire distributed among residents within 200m, 400m, 600m, 800m, 1000m and 2000m distances from the gas plant. The Spearman Rank Correlation coefficient value, r=0.827 revealed that there is a significant relationship between RTI and pollutant emission at (F= 28.02, p<0.05. It was also found that 68.4% of RTI in the area was due to pollutant emission, though it occurrence varies significantly with distance. Arising from the findings, regular RTI screening and early detection/treatment, investment in alternative environmentally friendly sources of power generation, constant air quality monitoring and enforcement of regulated threshold, installation of gadgets that will ameliorate the level of gaseous emissions at the gas plant were recommended for urgent implementation in order to cause a significant reduction in air pollutant emission and further prune its associated health hazards in the area.

Respiratory Tract Infection, Air Quality, Pollutants Emission, Thermal Gas Plant, Residents

Prince-Mang Ndidi Loretta, Kpang Meelubari BarinuaTsaro, Imiete Godspower. (2023). Tracking Respiratory Tract Infections Among Residents Due to Pollutant Emissions from Okpai Gas Power Plant in Ndokwa East Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria. International Journal of Infectious Diseases and Therapy, 8(3), 109-116.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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