International Journal of Infectious Diseases and Therapy

Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020

  • Solitary Intramuscular Cysticercosis, a Case Report from 47-year-old Man

    Rasheed Mumini Wemimo, Afolayan Enoch Abiodun, Balogun Musbau Olusesan, Folaranmi Olaleke Oluwasegun, Abdullahi Kabiru, Shuaibu Usman Yahaya, Mohammed Umar, Odebiyi Hassan Abiola

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020
    Pages: 45-47
    Received: Jun. 13, 2020
    Accepted: Jun. 28, 2020
    Published: Jul. 13, 2020
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    Abstract: Cysticercosis is a common parasitic infection in developing countries involving the central nervous system (CNS), adnexal structures of the eye, skeletal muscle, and subcutaneous tissue. The principal mechanism of transmission is through ingestion of Taenia Solium eggs or contamination of fruits and vegetables fertilized with contaminated faecal ma... Show More
  • Disseminated Herpes Zoster Infection with Urinary Retention and Incontinence

    Yuta Norimatsu, Yuki Ohno

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020
    Pages: 48-50
    Received: Jun. 21, 2020
    Accepted: Jul. 09, 2020
    Published: Jul. 17, 2020
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    Abstract: Herpes zoster is one of the most commonly encountered dermatological diseases. Disseminated herpes zoster is one of the severe forms of a herpes zoster infection. Patients with herpes zoster occasionally experience urinary retention and incontinence, which can greatly affect their quality of life. Urinary retention and incontinence appear to improv... Show More
  • Clinical Presentation and Risk Factors for Orbital Infections in a Tertiary Hospital

    Olusola Joseph Omotoye, Iyiade Adeseye Ajayi, Olanike Folashade Bodunde

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020
    Pages: 51-55
    Received: Jun. 26, 2020
    Accepted: Jul. 15, 2020
    Published: Jul. 23, 2020
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    Abstract: Background: Orbital infections are common ophthalmic emergencies with sight and life threatening if not promptly and adequately managed. Purpose: To determine the incidence of orbital infections and the risk factors that predispose these patients to orbital infections in our tertiary health institution. Methods: Records of all patients with orbital... Show More
  • The Rates of the Unnecessary Antimicrobial Use (UAU) and the Effect of the Infectious Disease Consultations: A Cross-Sectional Study

    Jamal Wadi Al Ramahi, Oday Abu Ajamieh, Nadine Marrar, Lana Alalamat, Nour Hasan, Alaa Elddin Jaber, Lara Abdulhadi, Omar Dodin, Amal Matar

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020
    Pages: 56-63
    Received: Jul. 05, 2020
    Accepted: Jul. 17, 2020
    Published: Jul. 28, 2020
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    Abstract: To measure the rate of unnecessary antimicrobials (UAU), and the effect of the infectious disease consultation. A 17-week multicenter study, patients’ records were reviewed for antimicrobials. A predefined UAU definition was developed. Excluded patients were those on prophylaxis and less than 1-year-old. The outcome is the UAU rate. Confounders wer... Show More
  • Risk Factors of Chikungunya Outbreak in Mareka District, Southern Ethiopia, 2019: Unmatched Case Control Study

    Tadesse Yalew Assefa, Eyoel Berhan, Fekadu Gemechu, Neamin Tesfaye

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020
    Pages: 64-69
    Received: May 22, 2020
    Accepted: Jun. 04, 2020
    Published: Aug. 13, 2020
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    Abstract: Chikungunya is a Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) virus that belongs to the alpha virus genus of the Togaviridae family. Chikungunya is an emerging vector-borne disease of high public health significance in World Health Organization’s South-East Asia Region. Factors associated with Chikungunya were identified. Unmatched a 1:2 case control study was conducted... Show More
  • Suspected Chicken Pox Outbreak Investigation and Response in Yirga Chefe Town, Ethiopia, August 2018

    Habtamu Tilahun, Mikias Alayu, Mekdes Demssie, Tadesse Yalew

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020
    Pages: 70-73
    Received: Jul. 23, 2020
    Accepted: Aug. 03, 2020
    Published: Aug. 18, 2020
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    Abstract: Introduction: Chicken pox or varicella is an acute viral infectious disease of childhood caused by varicella-zoster virus. Humans are the only known hosts for this virus. The major route of transmission is airborne, however, transmissions via aerosols or direct contact with blister fluid have also been reported. The primary infection presents as fe... Show More
  • Clinical Course of Five COVID-19 Patients and Treatment Updates

    Mohsin Sheraz Mughal, Ikwinder Preet Kaur, Rameez Rehman, Hasan Mahmood Mirza, Harjot Singh Jagdey, Chandler Patton, Wael Ghali

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020
    Pages: 74-80
    Received: Jul. 10, 2020
    Accepted: Jul. 28, 2020
    Published: Aug. 20, 2020
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    Abstract: Coronaviruses (CoVs) are enveloped, positive-sense RNA viruses. A novel coronavirus (nCoV) was discovered to be a cause of pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan, China in late 2019. The World Health Organization (WHO) named the disease as Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and declared it as a pandemic in March 2020. Since the detection of the first case of... Show More
  • The Pattern of Use of Medical Masks Among Health Care Professionals During Covid 19 Pandemic in South East Nigeria University Teaching Hospitals

    Uche Sebastine Ozioko, Emmanuel Chino Iyidobi, Onyinye Mary Ozioko, Ignatius Ikemefuna Ozor, Chisom Ogbonnaya Mbaeze, Ifeanacho Ezeteonu Abireh

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020
    Pages: 81-87
    Received: Jul. 24, 2020
    Accepted: Aug. 10, 2020
    Published: Aug. 20, 2020
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    Abstract: In history, pandemic outbreaks have wiped out populations as well as paved way for innovations and advances in Medicine and Public health. This study aims to ascertain the inherent knowledge gap and practice regarding the use of medical mask by healthcare workers during Covid-19 pandemic. Methods. This cross sectional survey was conducted at six te... Show More
  • Seroprevalence of Chronic Viral Hepatitis B in School Children Aged Less Than 10 Years in the Region of Southern Cameroon

    Noah Noah Dominique, Eloumou Servais Albert Fiacre, Nsenga Djapa Guy Roger, Ze Meka Louis Philippe, Tayou Tagny Claude

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020
    Pages: 88-91
    Received: May 05, 2020
    Accepted: Jun. 19, 2020
    Published: Sep. 03, 2020
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    Abstract: Introduction: Chronic viral hepatitis remain a public health problem worldwide. Being the seventh leading cause of the deaths, it accounts for 1.4 million deaths annually, with 47% related to hepatitis B and 48% to hepatitis C. In Cameroon, screening for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) is mandatory by the sixth month of pregnancy. This study ai... Show More
  • Virulence Factors of Bacteria Related to Ocular Infections in Non Immunocompromised Patients: Review Article

    Panagiota Xaplanteri, Charalampos Potsios

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020
    Pages: 92-98
    Received: Aug. 22, 2020
    Accepted: Sep. 04, 2020
    Published: Sep. 10, 2020
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    Abstract: The ocular surface is constantly exposed to pathogenic bacteria. Many Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria have been implicated in ocular infections, in non immunocompromised patients, causing severe vision impairment. These microorganisms have in their quiver a variety of arrows to cause infection. The aim of this study is to list the virulenc... Show More
  • Evaluation of the Sensitivity of Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) of Malaria in Different Age and Sex Groups Using Microscopy as a Gold Standard

    Muktari Isa Shago, Markus Kirwe Jiyil, Nazifi Alhaji Sani, Garba Suleiman

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020
    Pages: 99-105
    Received: Feb. 18, 2020
    Accepted: Feb. 28, 2020
    Published: Sep. 16, 2020
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    Abstract: Malaria remains a public health problem in over 90 countries worldwide, especially in Africa where it is the cause of morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study is to compare the sensitivity of two rapid diagnostic test kits in the diagnosis of malaria among patients attending Yobe State Specialist Hospital Damaturu. Patients were screened for m... Show More